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Refuting a primal substance and independent self

Part of an ongoing series of teachings based on Shantideva’s classic text, "Bodhisattvacharyavatara", often translated as “Engaging in the Bodhisattva’s Deeds.” Venerable Thubten Chodron also refers to the outline of the commentary by Gyaltsab Dharma Rinchen and the commentary by the Abbot Dragpa Gyaltsen.

  • Seeing how our own and others’ anger arises due to causes and conditions
  • Refuting the existence of independent causes:
    • Refuting the independent self and primary principle of the Samkyas
    • Refuting the independent self of the Naiyayikas
  • Understanding the all beings to resemble emanations, anger is unsuitable
  • The need to counteract anger

62 Engaging in the Bodhisattva’s Deeds: Refuting a Primal Substance and Independent Self (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.