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The objects of different consciousnesses

The objects of different consciousnesses

Part of a series of teachings on Essence of Refined Gold by the Third Dalai Lama, Gyalwa Sonam Gyatso. The text is a commentary on Songs of Experience by Lama Tsongkhapa.

  • The appearing object is the meaning generality that appears to the mind
  • The observed object is the actual object that you are looking at
  • The apprehended object is the main object with which the mind is concerned
  • The reference object refers to conceptual consciousnesses

Essence of Refined Gold 56 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.