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Chapter 10: Verses 238-246

Chapter 10: Verses 238-246

Part of a series of teachings on Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas on the Middle Way given on an annual basis by Geshe Yeshe Thabkhe from 2013-2017.

Questions and answers

  • Doesn’t the mental factor of intention, which is intangible, move the tangible body? (with reference to Verse 230)

Refuting the self imputed by non-Buddhist schools

  • Refuting that a part of the self possessing a mere particle of mind perceives objects
  • Refuting belief in a permanent omnipresent self
  • Refuting that matter, from which intellect evolves, is the creator of everything
  • Contradiction of asserting that a permanent self creates causes but does not experience results
  • Refuting that a permanent self is the agent of actions and experiencer of their results

General refutation

  • Error of thinking that a personal self exists
  • Impossibility of liberation from cyclic existence for a permanent self
  • Inappropriateness of asserting the existence of a self during liberation
  • Refuting a truly existent person after liberation

Geshe Yeshe Thabkhe

Geshe Yeshe Thabkhe was born in 1930 in Lhokha, Central Tibet and became a monk at the age of 13. After completing his studies at Drepung Loseling Monastery in 1969, he was awarded Geshe Lharampa, the highest degree in the Geluk School of Tibetan Buddhism. He is an emeritus professor at the Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies and an eminent scholar of both Madhyamaka and Indian Buddhist studies. His works include Hindi translations of The Essence of Good Explanation of Definitive and Interpretable Meanings by Lama Tsongkhapa and Kamalasila's commentary on the Rice Seedling Sutra. His own commentary, The Rice Seedling Sutra: Buddha’s Teachings on Dependent Arising, was translated into English by Joshua and Diana Cutler and published by Wisdom Publications. Geshela has facilitated many research works, such as a complete translation of Tsongkhapa’s The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment, a major project undertaken by the Tibetan Buddhist Learning Center in New Jersey where he teaches regularly.