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Chapter 13: Verses 307-311

Chapter 13: Verses 307-311

The teachings on Chapter 13 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute the inherent existence of senses and objects.

  • Refuting the inherent existence of visual objects
  • Examining how parts and wholes of visual forms exist
  • Refuting the inherent existence of the eye sense faculty that perceives objects
  • Looking at the dependence of the visual object, the sense faculty, and the sense consciousness

78 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 307-311 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.

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