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Chapter 4: Verses 85-92

Chapter 4: Verses 85-92

The teachings on Chapter 4 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way focus on recognizing pride, contemplating its disadvantages, and learning its antidotes.

  • Pointing out very coarse selflessness by pointing out the feeling of a self that is in control, using the example of a king
  • Why it is inappropriate for a leader to be proud
  • Relating the verses to current events such as actions by world leaders, protesting, and maintaining ethical principles in a society that promotes violence and retaliation against enemies

12 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 85-92 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.