The teachings on Chapter 4 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way focus on recognizing pride, contemplating its disadvantages, and learning its antidotes.
- Pointing out very coarse selflessness by pointing out the feeling of a self that is in control, using the example of a king
- Why it is inappropriate for a leader to be proud
- Relating the verses to current events such as actions by world leaders, protesting, and maintaining ethical principles in a society that promotes violence and retaliation against enemies
12 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 85-92 (download)