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Chapters 2-3: Verses 45-52

Chapters 2-3: Verses 45-52

The teachings on Chapter 2 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way counter the distortion of seeing what is in the nature of dukkha as pleasurable.

  • Refuting arguments that real pleasure can be found in cylic existence
  • What is seen as pleasure in cyclic existence is actually only a small discomfort replacing a greater discomfort, only a transient relief of pain and discomfort
  • Beginning of Chapter 3: abandoning the belief in cleanliness

07 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 45-52 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.