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Chapter 14: Refuting extreme conceptions

Verses 326-331

Refuting wrong views on the inherent existence of functional phenomena. Part of a series of talks on Aryadeva's Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way.

  • Proving that functional things are empty of inherent existence but exist dependently
  • Refuting inherent existent composites by analyzing four ways they can exist
  • Using the reasonings refuting the inherent existence of things to refute an inherently existent self

81 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 326-331 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.