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Chapter 9: Refuting permanent functional phenomena

Verses 201-205

Refuting true existence by refuting unchanging, functioning phenomena. The teachings on Chapter 9 of Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas on the Middle Way begin at the end of the last talk in Chapter 8, given on March 20, 2014.

  • Refuting permanence and inherent existence
  • The idea of a creator
  • Nothing lasts or exists by its own nature
  • Existence depends on causes
  • Reliable cognizers
  • Analytical and non-analytical cessations

49 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 201-205 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.