Chapter 11: Refuting truly existent time
Introduction to the chapter: Part 1
The teachings on Chapter 11 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute truly existent functional phenomena by refuting truly existent time.
- Background on the Buddhist view of time to set the stage for Chapter 11
- The Madhyamaka view of future, present, and past
- How the three times are functional phenomena
- What it means for phenomena to arise, abide, and cease
61 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Introduction, Part 1 (download)
Venerable Thubten Chodron
Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.