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Chapters 12-13: Verses 299-301

Chapters 12-13: Verses 299-301

The teachings on Chapter 12 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute wrong views on the nature of reality.

  • How people cling to wrong views because they are attached to what is familiar
  • Those who seek liberation should adopt valid teachings on non-harm and emptiness
  • Beginning of Chapter 13 on refuting truly existent sense organs and objects
    • Refuting that a sense consciousness directly perceives an object that is inherently existent
    • Reflecting on a how a cup has a bunch of attributes, but none of them are the cup

73 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 299-301 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.