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Chapter 12: Verses 291-298

Chapter 12: Verses 291-298

The teachings on Chapter 12 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute wrong views on the nature of reality.

  • Why aryas do not fear emptiness
  • Refuting the views of non-Buddhist schools at the time of the Buddha
  • Having compassion for those with wrong views
  • Suffering is not virtuous or non-virtuous, how we respond and direct the mind will make it virtuous or non-virtuous

72 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 291-298 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.