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Chapter 12: Verses 279-283

Chapter 12: Verses 279-283

The teachings on Chapter 12 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute wrong views on the nature of reality.

  • Using discriminating awareness to look at religions or philosophies without arrogance about one’s own
  • The means to gain certainty about extremely obscure topics taught by the Buddha
  • The threefold analysis to determine if a scriptural passage is valid
  • Looking at the authenticity of spiritual teachers
  • Why someone would be afraid or unafraid of emptiness

70 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 279-283 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.