The teachings on Chapter 11 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute truly existent functional phenomena by refuting truly existent time.
- The kindness of the Buddha and all the practitioners who have kept the teachings alive for 2,600 years
- The importance of faith based on reason
- What it means for something to be truly existent
- Refuting lower Buddhist schools’ view of a substantially existent future
65 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 263-265 (download)