The teachings on Chapter 11 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute truly existent functional phenomena by refuting truly existent time.
- Refuting the view of a substantially existent future
- The absurd consequences that would result from a substantially existent future
- If the future exists in a substantial way there would be no reason to restrain from non-virtuous actions
64 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 258-262 (download)