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Chapter 11: Verses 266-275

The teachings on Chapter 11 of Aryadeva's Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute truly existent functional phenomena by refuting truly existent time.

  • Refuting a truly existent present
  • Examining if functioning things have duration
  • Duration exists dependently but not inherently
  • The relationship between impermanence and duration

66 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 266-275 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.