The teachings on Chapter 11 of Aryadeva’s Four Hundred Stanzas on the Middle Way refute truly existent functional phenomena by refuting truly existent time.
- Refuting a truly existent present
- Examining if functioning things have duration
- Duration exists dependently but not inherently
- The relationship between impermanence and duration
66 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 266-275 (download)