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Chapter 9: Verses 218-223

The teachings on Chapter 9 of Aryadeva's 400 Stanzas on the Middle Way refute true existence by refuting unchanging, functioning phenomena.

  • Refuting permanent functional phenomena by refuting substantially established and permanent liberation
  • There is no truly existent liberation and no truly existent person who attains liberation

54 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 218-223 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.