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Chapter 8: Verses 190-191

Chapter 8: Verses 190-191

The teachings on Chapter 8 of Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas on the Middle Way show the methods of training the student’s mindstream to make it receptive to a spiritual path.

  • A review of how to meditate on the emptiness of the self and the three levels of the selflessness of persons
  • The four-point analysis refuting an inherently existent self and how it is expanded to the seven-point analysis
  • How the direct realization of emptiness of one object extends to all other phenomena

41 Aryadeva’s 400 Stanzas: Verses 190-191 (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.