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The sixteen aspects of the four truths

19 Pramanavarttika with Geshe Yeshe Thabkhe

Part of a series of teachings by Geshe Yeshe Thabkhe on Dharmakirti’s commentary on Dignaga’s Compendium on Valid Cognition. In Tibetan with English translation by Katrina Brooks, resident translator at the Deer Park Buddhist Center in Wisconsin.

  • Generating renunciation and the wish for liberation
  • The four aspects of true suffering
  • The four aspects of true origination
  • The four aspects of true cessation
  • The four aspects of true paths
  • The three higher trainings
  • Rejoicing in our opportunity to create virtuous imprints
  • Refuting wrong paths and proving correct paths

Geshe Yeshe Thabkhe

Geshe Yeshe Thabkhe was born in 1930 in Lhokha, Central Tibet and became a monk at the age of 13. After completing his studies at Drepung Loseling Monastery in 1969, he was awarded Geshe Lharampa, the highest degree in the Geluk School of Tibetan Buddhism. He is an emeritus professor at the Central Institute of Higher Tibetan Studies and an eminent scholar of both Madhyamaka and Indian Buddhist studies. His works include Hindi translations of The Essence of Good Explanation of Definitive and Interpretable Meanings by Lama Tsongkhapa and Kamalasila's commentary on the Rice Seedling Sutra. His own commentary, The Rice Seedling Sutra: Buddha’s Teachings on Dependent Arising, was translated into English by Joshua and Diana Cutler and published by Wisdom Publications. Geshela has facilitated many research works, such as a complete translation of Tsongkhapa’s The Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment, a major project undertaken by the Tibetan Buddhist Learning Center in New Jersey where he teaches regularly.