This is part of a series of teachings on Parting from the Four Clingings, by Drakpa Gyaltsen, given during the 2014 Chenrezig Retreat at Sravasti Abbey.
- Motivation and karmic ripening
- Pain of the lower realms
- Suffering as motivation for practice
- Karma and suffering are cause and effect
- Dukkha of impermanence and instability in cyclic existence
- Relationship between pleasure and pain