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Fundamental and Universal Vehicles

Fundamental and Universal Vehicles

Part of a series of teachings on the text A Brief Presentation of the Grounds and Paths of the Perfection Vehicle, Essence of the Ocean of Profound Meaning by Jetsun Lobsang Dadrin (1867-1937).

  • Background to the grounds and paths text
  • Explanation of the meaning for ground, path, and vehicle
  • The differences between Fundamental and Universal Vehicles
  • A commentary on the opening homage and the lineage of masters praised

Grounds and Paths 04: Paths, grounds, and vehicles (download)

Venerable Thubten Chodron

Venerable Chodron emphasizes the practical application of Buddha’s teachings in our daily lives and is especially skilled at explaining them in ways easily understood and practiced by Westerners. She is well known for her warm, humorous, and lucid teachings. She was ordained as a Buddhist nun in 1977 by Kyabje Ling Rinpoche in Dharamsala, India, and in 1986 she received bhikshuni (full) ordination in Taiwan. Read her full bio.

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